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Software Verification of Hyperproperties Beyond k-Safety


Temporal hyperproperties are system properties that relate multiple execution traces. For (finite-state) hardware, temporal hyperproperties are supported by model checking algorithms and tools for general temporal logics like HyperLTL exist. For (infinite-state) software, the analysis of temporal hyperproperties has, so far, been limited to $k$-safety properties, i.e., properties that stipulate the absence of a bad interaction between any set of up to $k$ traces. In this paper, we present the first method to verify $\forall^k\exists^l$ HyperLTL properties in infinite-state systems. A $\forall^k\exists^l$-property stipulates that for any $k$ traces there \emph{exist} $l$ traces such that the resulting $k+l$ traces do not interact badly. The combination of universal and existential quantification is key to express many properties beyond $k$-safety including, for example, generalized non-interference or program refinement. Our method is based on a strategic instantiation of the existential quantification combined with a program reduction; both in the context of a fixed predicate abstraction. In our framework the strategy and reduction \emph{collaborate}, giving a very general proof system.

Konferenz / Medium

CAV 2022



Letztes Änderungsdatum

2022-06-01 08:22:33